1. Why does Candaules insist that Gyges see his wife naked? Why
is he not simply content with his wife's beauty, but wants another
to know about it?
2. Why is Gyges not tempted by Candaules' proposition? Is he a
good man? Why does he not want "to act wickedly"? Why
does he finally yield?
3. Candaules' wife accuses Gyges of violating their customs by
looking at her naked. Is his act wicked simply to the Lydians, or
is it wrong more universally?
4. How does the Queen react to the violation of custom? Does her
proposal to Gyges satisfy the Lydian custom? Is it also more universally
1. Why does Herodotus include this story in his Histories? Does
it have any bearing on his own examination of the customs of other
peoples as a historian?
2. What is the meaning of Gyges' advice to Candaules, "let
each look to his own"? How would you compare it with the old
saying that Agathon quotes, "like approaches like"?
3. How would Hobbes and Socrates respond to this story? Would they
interpret it differently? Would they have different evaluations
of the characters in this story?